Existence of God: 31 Reasons To Believe In The God of the Bible
God has imprinted his fingerprints on the universe in many ways. Here are 31 ways the God of the Bible has made himself obvious to the world.
According to the Bible, “God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them…so they are without excuse. (Romans 1:19-20). To the Apostle, the existence of God was so obvious nobody had an excuse not to know him.
God is not some microscopic amoeba at the bottom of an Amazonian jungle pond. Nor is he some lunar rock in a distant galaxy. Instead, he is nearby and obvious to anyone who wants to find him.
God has imprinted his fingerprints on the universe in many ways. Here are 31 reasons the God of the Bible has made himself obvious to the world…
Scientific Arguments for God’s Existence
- The Fine Tuning Argument: Scientists have determined that life in the universe would be impossible if more than about two dozen properties of the universe were even slightly different from what they are. In short, the universe is “fine-tuned” for life. (Discovery.org)
- Earth’s Perfect Size: Earth is the only known planet with an atmosphere of the right mixture of gases to sustain plant, animal and human life. (everystudent.com)
- Irreducible Biological Complexity: There are a number of biochemical systems that are irreducibly complex. Like the functions of a mousetrap, a cilium cannot perform its function unless its components are arranged and structured in precisely the manner in which they are. (talkorigins.org).
- DNA’s Function as Life’s Blueprint: DNA instructs the cell like your smartphone is programmed. DNA is a three-billion-lettered program telling the cell to act in a certain way. It is a full instruction manual for life. (everystudent.com)
- The Human Brain’s Capacity: The human brain processes more than one million messages a second. Your brain weighs the importance of the data and allows you to focus and operate effectively in your world. (everystudent.com)
- The Eye’s Complexity: The human eye has automatic focusing and handles an astounding 1.5 million messages simultaneously. In addition, it can distinguish between seven million colors making it a highly complex organ. (everystudent.com)
- Chaos Never Creates Order: Since everything in the universe tends toward disorder, it is a violation of the Second Law of Thermodynamics if things become more orderly and complex by themselves. Hence, something must have put everything together originally. (101proofsforgod.blogspot.com)
- Quantum Mechanics Analogy to God: John Polkinghorne suggests the nearest analogy to the existence of God in physics is the ideas of quantum mechanics. This field makes sense of a great deal of disparate data. (yalebook.yale.edu)
- Human Consciousness: The workings of human consciousness are similarly miraculous. Consciousness has no physical presence in the world; the images and thoughts in our consciousness have no measurable dimensions which begs the question where it actually resides. (RNS)
“The heavens declare the glory of God, and the sky above proclaims his handiwork. Day to day pours out speech, and night to night reveals knowledge.” (Psalm 19:1-2)
Philosophical Arguments for God’s Existence
- The Transcendental Argument:
– Logical absolutes (Laws of Logic) exist.
– Logical absolutes are conceptual by nature–are not dependent on space, time, physical properties, or human nature.
– They are not the product of the physical universe (space, time, matter) because if the physical universe were to disappear, logical absolutes would still be true. Logical Absolutes are not the product of human minds because human minds are not absolute.
– Since logical absolutes are always true everywhere and not dependent upon human minds, it must be an absolute transcendent mind that is authoring them.
– This mind is called God. (carm.org)
- Argument From Truth: Our limited minds can discover eternal truths about being. Truth properly resides in a mind. But the human mind is not eternal. Therefore there must exist an eternal mind in which these truths reside. (strangenotions.com)
- The Laws of Math: It takes the existence of some kind of a God to make the mathematical underpinnings of the universe comprehensible. (RNS)
- Ontological Argument: Anselm argued that God was a being who possesses all conceivable perfection. But if this being “existed” merely as an idea in our minds, then it would be less perfect than if it actually existed. So it wouldn’t be as great as a being who actually existed, something that would thus contradict our definition of God — a being who’s supposed to be all-perfect. Thus, God must exist.(iep.utm.edu)
- Cosmological Argument (First-Cause Version):
– Things exist.
– It is possible for those things to not exist.
– Whatever has the possibility of non-existence, yet exists, has been caused to exist. Something cannot bring itself into existence since it must exist to bring itself into existence, which is illogical.
– There cannot be an infinite number of causes to bring something into existence. An infinite regression of causes ultimately has no initial cause, which means there is no cause of existence. Since the universe exists, it must have a cause.
– Therefore, there must be an uncaused cause of all things.
– The uncaused cause must be God. (carm.org)
- Contingency Argument (Something Rather Than Nothing):
– Everything that exists has an explanation of its existence.
– If the universe has an explanation of its existence, that explanation is God.
– The universe exists.
– Therefore, the explanation of the universe’s existence is God. (reasonabletheology.org)
- Teleological Argument (Design): Every complex human creation (like a painting or a jumbo jet) demands we explain it’s existence through an intelligent, skillful creator – not random processes. The universe is billions of times more complex than any human creation. Therefore a creator made it: God. (gotquestions.org)
- Argument from Change: If there is nothing outside the material universe, then there is nothing that can cause the universe to change. But it does change. Therefore there must be something in addition to the material universe. (strangenotions.com)
- Argument from The Mind: Philosopher J. S. Mill summed up where we have now come to: “It is self-evident that only Mind can create mind.” The only reasonable conclusion is that an eternal Creator is the one who is responsible for reality as we know it. (gotquestions.org)
- Moral Argument: All people recognize some moral code. Right and wrong imply a higher standard or law, and law requires a lawgiver. Because the Moral Law transcends humanity, this universal law requires a universal lawgiver. This lawgiver is God. (gotquestions.org)
- Existence of Evil: A corollary to the Moral Argument: the problem of evil presents a question not only for the person trying to give an answer to the problem, but also for the questioner. The problem is that it presupposes a standard of goodness, and that presupposes a design plan. If true, these objections then both point to God whose character is the very standard of goodness. (bethinking.org)
- Argument from Miracles: A miracle is an event whose only adequate explanation is the extraordinary and direct intervention of God. There are numerous well-attested miracles. Therefore, there are numerous events whose only adequate explanation is the extraordinary and direct intervention of God. Therefore God exists. (strangenotions.com)
- Argument from Beauty: Peter Kreeft explains Von Balthasar argument: “Beauty reveals God. There is Mozart, therefore there must be God.” (christianapologeticsalliance.com)
- Argument from Degrees of Perfection: If degrees of perfection pertain to being and being is caused in finite creatures, then there must exist a “best,” a source and real standard of all the perfections that we recognize belong to us as beings. This absolutely perfect being—the “Being of all beings,” “the Perfection of all perfections”—is God. (strangenotions.com)
- Argument from Religious Experience: Many people of different eras and of widely different cultures claim to have had a “divine” experience. It is inconceivable that so many people could have been so utterly wrong about the nature and content of their own experience. Therefore, there exists a “divine” reality. (strangenotions.com )
- Other Minds Analogy: Technically not a theistic proof, this analogy illustrates how difficult it is for a determined atheist to apostatize. Alvin Plantinga compares the question of the existence of God to the question of the existence of other minds, claiming both are notoriously impossible to “prove” against a determined skeptic. (christianbook.com)
“For every house is built by someone, but the builder of all things is God.” (Hebrews 3:4)
Biblical Arguments for the Existence of the God of the Bible
- The Historicity of the Old Testament: “The historicity of the OT should be taken seriously. As for the OT text itself, the Dead Sea Scrolls (ca 150 b.c.- a.d. 70) provide good evidence of a carefully transmitted core-text tradition through almost a thousand years down to the Masoretic scribes (ca eighth-tenth centuries a.d.) Thus, the basic text of OT Scripture can be established as essentially soundly transmitted, and the evidence shows that the form and content of the OT fit with known literary and cultural realities of the Ancient Near East.” (Kenneth Kitchen at christianitytoday.com)
- The Historicity of the New Testament: “Historiography is a branch of study which focuses on the logical, conceptual, and epistemological aspects of what historians do. Critical historiography studies, among other things, the different tests which should be applied to a document to determine whether or not it is historically reliable. When many of these tests are applied to the New Testament documents, they show themselves to be as reliable as, or superior to, most other ancient documents.” (JP Moreland at bethinking.org)
- Survival of the People of Israel: French philosopher Blaise Pascal wrote at length about the marvel of Jewish survival. Powerful kings have tried to destroy them, yet the Jews survived whereas the nations of Greece, Italy, Athens and Rome have long perished. It is said that when King Louis XIV of France asked Pascal to give him proof of God’s existence, he replied, “Why, the Jews, your Majesty ― the Jews.” (jpost.com)
- Biblical Miracles: “We have now studied more than 35 miracles described in the Bible, and many more could be discussed. These were done by God at the hands of at least ten different prophets. They were recorded by at least ten Bible writers in at least 15 books of the Bible. In addition, the accounts cite more than 15 individuals or groups who were opponents of God’s people but who directly or indirectly acknowledged that Bible miracles really did occur. In addition another 15 individuals or groups (who were not necessarily opposed to the message) are also cited as having acknowledged Bible miracles. That makes a total of more than forty individuals or groups who admitted Jesus or Bible prophets really did miracles.” (David Pratte at gospelway.com)
- Fulfilled Messianic Prophecies: Jesus was the promised Messiah from the Old Testament (or Tanach). There were hundreds of prophecies he fulfilled including that he would be the seed of a woman (Genesis 3:15), a descendant of David (2 Samuel 7:12-16), called God’s son (Psalm 2:1-12), and many more. Jews for Jesus compiled a list of 40 of the most helpful Messianic prophecies at jewsforjesus.org.
- The Resurrection of Jesus: The Apostle Paul once implied that Christianity was worthless if Jesus didn’t rise from the dead (1 Corinthians 15:14). Brian Chilton outlined 10 reasons why Jesus actually rose from the dead including how the first eyewitnesses were women (a woman’s testimony was not admissible in court in the first century), embarrassing details about the resurrection, and the disciples willingness to die believing in the. All 10 reasons can be found at crossexamined.org.
“So Paul, standing in the midst of the Areopagus, said: “Men of Athens, I perceive that in every way you are very religious. For as I passed along and observed the objects of your worship, I found also an altar with this inscription: ‘To the unknown god.’ What therefore you worship as unknown, this I proclaim to you.” (Acts 17:22)
Conclusion: Keep Seeking the God Who Exists
The God of the Bible has made himself obvious to anyone truly searching for him. God has made himself known through science, philosophy, history, and ultimately through the Bible. Paul once said “he is actually not far from each one of us.” (Acts 17:27)
If you do not know God yet, keep seeking him. He continues to call people every day to be forgiven and reconciled to himself. While you still have breath, seek him until you find him so you can turn from your sins, and believe him. For that is where you will find your purpose and destiny: in Christ.